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Freeze Frame: Audio, Aesthetics, Sampling, and Contemporary Multimedia

When computers communicate over a network, they do so through sound. Before information can be sent over wires run between computers, it must first be translated into tones. The composer Luke Dubois, of Columbia University's electronic music department, has described the static you hear when a modem connects as a hyper-accelerated Morse Code, a billion dots and dashes sung each second, too fast for the human ear to discern. This has been true since the dawn of networked computing. When the first...

I musei in rete (3)

Dopo aver trattato i musei denominati “tradizionali virtuali”, per concludere vorremmo passare ai “musei realmente virtuali”, riprendendo la definizione di questi ultimi: il museo realmente virtuale è un museo che, a differenza di quello fisico, non illustra virtualmente collezioni, edifici, sale espositive, attività culturali varie realmente esistenti e riconducibili a un ente fisicamente tangibile (il Museo); pur trattando tematiche rapportabili ad opere, a reperti museali esistenti, esso non ...

Imagination and consumer culture

Consumption, and the lifestyle it necessitates, has become the number one social duty. There are penalties for those who wish to live other lives, penalties that are not only financial and legal, but also social. The delight that consumer culture takes in all that is forbidden elsewhere - "Imagine, children, a place where men and women may not even look at each other" - is a diversion from the fact that here such traditional regimes of prohibition have been replaced by new ones that are less bru...

Report from ISEA 2002

As art and technology conferences mature, greater expectations on simplistic input and output seem to be prevalent. Gone are the days when interactive or digital art can be justified with theory and art jargon if the interactive experience fails to be compelling. Especially when exhibited, audiences seem less inclined to spend time with digital projects if their own personal frustration with computers encroaches on the artistic intention. Maybe we don't want to be reminded that we are interactin...

Landscape data and complex adaptive system Earth. Holism in complexity and network science

Landscape and its data can be viewed as interrelated components in the complex adaptive system, Earth. The Earth viewed from a holistic vantage point suggests a Gain sensibility, but I would suggest not in Lovelock’s Gain sense as an organism, but rather in Margulis’s sense as an ecosystem. An autonomous system, as proposed in Varela’s interpretation of Gaia, with operational closure, that is a fully self-referential network that specifies its own identity and also specifies its response to emer...

Concepts, Notations, Software, Art

If software art could be generally defined as an art of which the material is formal instruction code, and/or which addresses cultural concepts of software, then each of their positions sides with exactly one of the two aspects. If Software Art would be reduced to only the first, one would risk ending up a with a neo-classicist understanding of software art as beautiful and elegant code along the lines of Knuth and Levy. Reduced on the other hand to only the cultural aspect, Software Art could e...

net art e Virtual Museums (1)

Il World Wide Web ha trasformato l’enorme massa di risorse già presenti nella Rete Internet in un enorme ipertesto globale che grazie al sistema dei link le può rendere immediatamente e facilmente accessibili all’utente. Rispetto ad altri tipo di ipertesto, il linguaggio html consente di fatto una scelta piuttosto limitata di possibilità e di legami ipertestuali, ma questo limite è largamente compensato dal fatto che, in quanto ipertesto globale, il web consente di collegare fra di loro risorse ...

Etica hacker

Il sapere di cui stiamo parlando difficilmente si pone il problema di essere conservato, visto la sua continua mutazione, l'andamento fluido e immediato. Il know-how, pur rivestendo un ruolo centrale, necessita di aggiornamenti e riadeguamenti continui, perché tende per sua natura ad invecchiare subito; le tecnologie di rete, tra novità e sperimentazione, mutano velocemente, di conseguenza anche le competenze per usarle, testarle, ripararle e modificarle. Occorre rivedere di continuo i profili p...

Open Source Intelligence

The Open Source movement has established over the last decade a new collaborative approach, uniquely adapted to the Internet, to developing high-quality informational products. Initially, its exclusive application was the development of software (GNU/Linux and Apache are among the most prominent projects), but increasingly we can observe this collaborative approach being applied to areas beyond the coding of software. One such area is the collaborative gathering and analysis of information, a pr...

I musei in rete (2)

Notiamo come comunemente i siti si dividano in differenti sezioni il cui accesso è garantito da hotword costituenti la barra di navigazione, tale meccanismo sviluppa la possibilità di selezionare percorsi interattivi personalizzati o guidati e gestire continui e volendo (in base alla più o meno accurata realizzazione) infiniti collegamenti ipertestuali. Abbiamo anche visto che la strutturazione delle varie parti di un sito è più o meno simile: le parti create similarmente sono quelle dedicate ai...

Sign of the net.art times

The popular new media concept of transcoding does indeed speak of a limitless and highly effective translatability. Coupled with the associated premise of numerical representation, it proposes that the application of protocols to numbers has conjured up a science that programs closure into every transaction, every translation, and every transposition of what presents itself, in each transmuted instance, as the transcendental identity of the signifier/signified. There is an unprecedented equivoca...

New Media: its Aestethics and Representation

In its first part the following text presents the canvas for reevalution of author and authorship with certain art history method. To be able to position the author in the demanding frame a certain selfpositioning of the viewer has to be developed. Thus, in the second part of the text I argue the position of the active viewer and co-author. [...] To decide for technology, when various theoreticians are already claiming there is no more difference between artificial and natural, means to decide f...

I musei in rete (1)

Per via ipotetica si può delineare uno scenario plausibile che tenga conto di quanto detto: in primo luogo i visitatori tradizionali potranno diminuire notevolmente inizialmente per poi riconquistare la fruizione fisica, ipotesi possibile considerando l’incremento dell’alfabetizzazione informatica nella popolazione mondiale (la popolazione che non si è adattata all’utilizzo della strumentazione elettronica, in realtà rappresentata da individui appartenenti a un’epoca precedente alla grossa diffu...

Free Bandwidth

We recognize that the public uses the Internet, but is the Internet in anyway public? Do we and can we recognize that communication is also a right? If we want to have a social good or public interest in our network society, than we need the Internet to be "public", in the same way we think of the airwaves as being in the public domain and subject to regulation. In order for the Internet to be public, bandwidth must be free. Free as in subsidized. Costs still exist, and its important to account ...

Gift(wrap)ing New Media (in an Authentic Chilkat Blanket)

A lot has been written in recent years about the "Gift Economy" operating within the confines of networked art and culture. This economy of information and ideas works in contrast to the monolithic economy of financial capital, or so it is said by many of its proponents. [...] The desire for technological progress to be evolutionary is blind utopianism at best and violently authoritarian at worst. To be sure, I don't want to criticize the practice of a gift economy, per se, but rather the belief...

Sculptural Form in Net.Art

Existence has sculptural form, because it is executed in a spatial environment. The placement of urban or rural features; of objects in a household; of furniture in a hotel room: they constitute sculptural arrangements. LIFE, when lived with a minimum of self-reflection, is formed in ways similar to an artefact. Art, on the other hand, can become an operational tool for existence similar to a household object: by being less of a representational device but more of a tool for self-reflection. As ...

The Digital Outlaws: Hackers as Imagined Communities

t should be clear that I regard any definition of hackers (...) as quite pointless: it is the purpose of this article to describe the semiotic fight of the term, not to state a scholarly definition. Without the help from influential hacker figures, this endeavor, of course, would have been impossible. But with the many comments that I got, I hope that this paper will shake some of the established ways of thinking about hackers and digital culture a little, and maybe even lead on to a more ground...

The Language of Tactical Media

The future is a series of small steps leading away from the wreckage of the past, sometimes its actors walk face forward, blind to the history played out behind their backs, other times, they walk backwards, seeing only the unfulfilled destiny of a vanished time. The promise of the tactical media of the future – the end of the spectacular media circus as everyone begins to lay their hands on cheap 'do it yourself' media technologies made possible by new forms of production and distribution – was...

Artistic Software for Dummies

At the basis of each piece of software there are definite algorithms, but if conventional programs are instruments serving purely pragmatic purposes, the result of the work of artistic programs often finds itself outside of the pragmatic and the rational. Because the process of the digitalisation of culture and other components of social life is inevitable, it is necessary to consider adequate ideas and mechanisms for the transfer of those spheres into digital space, to find adequate conditions ...

Michael Hardt: New Forms of Power

The book proposes two concepts, empire as a form of power, and multitude names both the subject that is exploited by empire, that is controlled by empire, the subject whose labor and activity supports empire, but it also is the subject that has the potential to create an alternative society. Now, it seems to me that the concept of multitude in our book is used in at least two ways – that itself constitutes one of contradictions in our book. In certain ways it's a very self-contradictory book, wh...

Interview with Luis Miguel Girão

Interview with Roberta Buiani

Interview with Bill Seaman

Interview with Roger Malina

Interview with Pavel Smetana

Interview with Christa Sommerer

Interview with Annick Bureaud

Interview with Leonel Moura

Interview with Nina Czegledy

Interview with Alberto Abruzzese (Italiano)

Interview with Stelarc

Interview with Derrick de Kerckhove

Interview with Margarete Jahrmann

Interview with Jaromil

Interview with Laura Beloff

Interview with Alan Shapiro